Ph. D. The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA, 2008
Full-time instructor and Teaching officer, Korea Third Military Academy, 1998-2001.
Assistant manager, Korea Development Bank, 2001-2004.
Host country uncertainty, intra-MNC production shifts, and subsidiary performance.2012. Strategic Management Journal, 33(11): 1331-1340.(with Lee S-H)
Cultural differences, the MNE's learning ability, and the effect of experience on subsidiary mortality in a dissimilar culture: Evidence from Korean MNEs. 2013. Journal of International Business Studies, 2013, 44(1): 41-65.(with Zeng Y, Shenkar O, Lee S-H)
FDI experience and subsidiary mortality: Differences in national culture and the expansion of Korean MNEs. 2013. Management International Review, 53(3): 477-509.(with Zeng Y, Shenkar O, Lee S-H)FDI structure, investment specificity, and multinational flexibility value under market uncertainty. 2013. Management International Review, 53(6): 795-817.
Governments, entrepreneurs, and positive externalities: A real options perspective. 2013. European Management Journal, 31: 333-347. (with Lee S-H, Peng MW)
Investment irreversibility and longevity of MNC foreign subsidiaries: The moderating effect of host market uncertainty. 2014. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 31(2): 455-471
Foreign subsidiary divestment: The role of multinational flexibility. 2014. Management International Review, 54(1): 47-70.
Unfavorable market conditions, Institutional and financial development, and exits of small foreign subsidiaries. 2014. Journal of International Management, 203: 279-289.
Within-country growth options vs. Across-country switching options in foreign direct investments. 2014. Global Strategy Journal, 4: 127-142.(with Makhija M, Lee S-H) Inter-country exchange rates and intra-firm trade flows within global network of multinational corporations.2015. Management International Review, 55(1): 1-22.
Exchange Rate Challenges, flexible Intra-firm adjustment and subsidiary longevity. 2015. Journal of World Business, 50(3): 548-558.
Social corporate responsibility in international business: Illustrations from Korean and Japanese electronics MNEs in Indonesia. 2015 Journal of Business Ethics, 129(3): 747-761. (with Park YR, Choe S, Baik Y.)
Operational hedging in foreign direct investment under volatile and divergent exchange rates across countries. 2015. Journal of World Business, 50(3): 548-558.(with Lee S-H, Makhija M.)
International investments under uncertainty: Contributions of real options theory and future directions. 2015. Journal of Management & Organization, 21(6): 786-811. (with Makhija M, Kim S-M.)
Ownership increase in international joint ventures: The Within- and Across-country flexibility perspective. 2017. Management International Review, 57(1): 93-120.
Host market uncertainty, subsidiary characteristics, and growth options exercise. 2017. Long Range Planning, 50(1): 63-73.
The hysteresis effects of relationships with headquarters on longevity of foreign subsidiaries. 2017. Management International Review. 57(4), 545-570.(with Lee J-Y.)
Determinants of corporate international expansion beyond the home region: An empirical examination of U.S. MNEs' expansion to Europe and Asia-Pacific. 2017. Global Strategy Journal,7(4), 400-426.(with Mauri A, Neiva J.)
How outside directors' human and social capital creates value for corporate international investments. 2019. Journal of World Business,54(2): 93-106 (with Lai J-H, Chen L-Y)
Actualization of growth potential in international joint ventures: The moderating effects of localization strategies. 2019. Journal of World Business, 55(2).
Location-boundedness, investment irreversibility, and divestment of international joint ventures under host market demand uncertainty. 2021. Long Range Planning, accepted for publication.
Do in-network ties help in lowering subsidiary divestment rates under environmental challenges? 2021. Journal of Business Research, 128: 257-265.
Contextual investment attributes, technical vs. social barriers, and learning from failure in international investments. 2021. Long Range Planning, accepted for publication. (with Zeng, Choe S, Lee J-R)
When do multinational corporations adjust product volume flexibly among in-network subsidiaries?. Journal of Business Research, accepted for publication.
Grants and Awards
Samsung Distinguished Paper Award, The Academy of Management (2008)
SSK Research fund, The Sustainability of Korean Management in the Global Market: Competitiveness and CSR, The National Research Foundation of Korea (2012~2018)
Summer Research Grant, Saint Joseph's University (2013)
Referred Article Award, HAUB School of Business, Saint Joseph's University (2013~)
Faculty Research Merit Award, Saint Joseph's University (2013)
Outstanding Research Award. Global Conference on Business and Finance Research (2014)
Teaching Innovation Award, Middle Atlantic Association of Colleges of Business Administration (MAACBA) (2014)
Michael J. Morris Grant for Scholarly Research, Saint Joseph's University (2015)
Best Reviewer Award, Yonsei Business Review (2016)
Distinguished professorship Research Grant, Chongqing Technology & Business University (2018~)
Strategic and operational flexibility under uncertainty
Real options, hysteresis effect, escalating commitment
Experience, culture, and organizational Learning
Market entry and exit strategies
Dynamics in strategic alliances and joint ventures
Corporate social responsibility and sustainability in international business realm
Teaching pedagogies in strategy and international business education